Cosmonautics. Luna-1 is the first satellite of the Sun. (2019)

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Producer Studio Roscosmos

Scene №1 Cosmonautics. Luna-1 is the first satellite of the Sun

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The plot for the 60th anniversary of the flight of the Luna-1 satellite.

On January 2, 1959, the Vostok-L launch vehicle from Baikonur launched the Luna-1 automatic interplanetary station on a flight path to the Moon; the device also received the very symbolic name "Dream".

The device was similar to the first artificial satellite of the Earth, launched in October 1957. The task of the station was to reach the Moon, but the flight cyclogram did not calculate the passage of the signal from the command post to the apparatus, the distance from which was rapidly increasing.

As a result, the command to cut off the engine of the third stage came late, and instead of flying to the Moon, the station entered a heliocentric orbit and became a satellite of the Sun.

However, the equipment of the "Dream" continued to work, as a result, it was possible to make major discoveries: to register the external radiation belt of the Earth, to conduct direct measurements of the solar wind for the first time and to establish that the Moon does not have a large magnetic field.

Interview: Fedor Yurchikhin, Yuri Silaev, Vyacheslav Dovgan, Igor Fedorov, Mark Serov, Sergey Krikalev.


Yurchikhin F.N. -- pilot-cosmonaut, Hero of the Russian Federation.
Silaev Yu.D. - Soviet inventor, fitter-assembler of the first artificial satellite of the Earth, Honored tester of space technology.
Dovgan V.G. - Candidate of Military Sciences, Professor, retired Major General of Aviation, Honored Space Technology tester, veteran of cosmonautics.
Fedorov I.B. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Rector of Bauman Moscow State Technical University.
Serov M.V. is a test cosmonaut, design engineer and head of the flight test department of RSC Energia.
Krikalev S.K. is an aviation athlete, cosmonaut, development engineer, candidate of Psychological Sciences, academician of the Russian Academy of Cosmonautics named after K.E.Tsiolkovsky.



Space; Space programs