Footage, 1 footage, Duration: 0:06:21V3 12/19/2022
In a special center of the Ministry of Emergency Situations in the Moscow region, training is underway on the actions of spacecraft crews in the event of an emergency landing.
Despite the fact that in the entire history of cosmonautics, the landing of the lander occurred only once, since that day all cosmonauts and astronauts have been going through survival on the water.
Interview: Viktor Ren, Nikolay Tikhonov, Andrey Babkin, Christopher Cassidy, Zhanna Shevchenko, Anatoly Ivanishin.
Footage, 1 footage, Duration: 0:07:30V3 12/19/2022
On March 18, 1965, the Voskhod-2 manned spacecraft with cosmonauts Pavel Belyaev and Alexey Leonov on board launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome.
On the same day, Alexey Leonov made the world's first spacewalk, which lasted 12 minutes.
So a new page was opened in the history of space exploration.
The first human spacewalk was the second largest achievement in world history after the flight of Yuri Gagarin.
Interview: Alexey Leonov, Valentina Tereshkova, Alexander Samokutyaev, Sergey Krikalev.
Footage, 1 footage, Duration: 0:07:26V3 12/19/2022
MSU plans to create an orbital constellation of satellites, whose main task will be to control dangerous asteroids and other threats from space.
For the first time this was talked about in the middle of the 20th century.
Over the past decades, experts have compiled a catalog of asteroids, including potentially dangerous ones for the planet, there are more than a thousand of them, and the discoveries of scientists do not end there.
Comments on: Mikhail Panasyuk, Lidiya Rykhlova, Boris Shustov, Alexey Rozanov, Vladislav Shevchenko.
Footage, 1 footage, Duration: 0:08:23V3 12/19/2022
There are few female cosmonauts in our country, however, each flight brought world records.
The first in orbit, the first in outer space, the first in a long expedition to the Mir orbital complex.
Today, women not only work in orbit on an equal basis with men, but even manage such high-tech facilities as spaceports.
Interview: Yuri Lonchakov, Elena Serova, Valentina Tereshkova, Svetlana Savitskaya, Elena Kondakova, Valery Polyakov, Rano Juraeva.
Footage, 1 footage, Duration: 0:07:43V3 12/19/2022
Baikonur celebrates its birthday in June.
Initially, the object was conceived by the military, however, chief designer Sergei Korolev was able to combine the interests of the Ministry of Defense and dreams of space flights.
According to experts, in order for the world's first and largest cosmodrome to have not only a legendary past, but also a glorious future, it is necessary to develop as many joint projects as possible.
Alexey Leonov, Vladimir Yaropolov, Leonid Kadenyuk, Rano Juraeva, Sergey Krikalev, Talgat Musabayev recall the history of the cosmodrome and flights from the era of Yuri Gagarin to the present day.
Footage, 1 footage, Duration: 0:08:22V3 12/19/2022
Baikonur is the largest cosmodrome in the world.
All types of Russian missiles were launched from here.
The famous Gagarin launch is also located here, and cosmonauts are still going into orbit from this site No. 1. Now Baikonur is opening in a new capacity - the center of technological tourism.
Previously, it was impossible to get here, because the cosmodrome was a military and therefore completely closed object, even soldiers and officers who were going here for service did not know where they were going until the last moment.
The history of not only world cosmonautics, but also big politics was created here.
The first foreigner to visit Baikonur was Charles de Gaulle.
Today, a lot of people from different countries are eager to visit the cosmodrome during the launch of the spacecraft in order to see it not during the Internet broadcast, but with their own eyes.
Footage, 1 footage, Duration: 0:09:06V3 12/16/2022
For more than half a century, the Soyuz launch vehicle has successfully launched spacecraft and crewed ships into orbit.
Originally developed as a weapon, the rocket became famous by launching the world's first artificial satellite into space, and since then it has continued to work only for peaceful space.
The perfection of the design makes it possible to modernize the rocket, leaving intact the general principles laid down by the designer Sergei Korolev.
To date, the Soyuz remains the most popular rocket in the launch services market and launches from four spaceports located on two continents.
Footage, 1 footage, Duration: 0:05:40V3 12/16/2022
Kaluga has solemnly celebrated the 50th anniversary of the State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics.
The world's first space museum in the homeland of Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky was created with the participation of the first cosmonaut of the Earth Yuri Gagarin and chief designer Sergei Korolev.
The museum contains several tens of thousands of unique exhibits covering the entire history of space exploration, from the origins of aeronautics, aviation, rocket and space technology and the first artificial Earth satellite to modern orbital stations.
The museum has become a kind of symbol of Kaluga, which is now called the cradle of space.
Cosmonauts Alexander Alexandrov and Alexander Lazutkin, director of the museum Natalia Abakumova, Governor of the Kaluga Region Anatoly Artamonov starred in the story.
Footage, 1 footage, Duration: 0:06:04V3 12/16/2022
On October 10, 1967, the Treaty on the Principles of the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, entered into force; briefly, this document is called the Outer Space Treaty.
A lot has changed in 50 years, humanity has learned to fly into space and is making plans to develop the nearest satellite of the Earth, and in the future, other planets.
But how to determine who will own certain territories and the useful resources extracted on them?
According to lawyers, the Moon may become a serious international problem in the near future, and it may have to be a separate set of laws for it.
The plot starred Olga Volynskaya, Igor Mitrofanov, Sergey Zhukov.
Footage, 1 footage, Duration: 0:06:24V3 12/16/2022
October 4, 2017 marked the 60th anniversary of the launch of the first artificial Earth satellite.
Then space seemed limitless and they didn't think about space debris.
But now there are more than 6,000 satellites orbiting the Earth, only 1,000 of them are operational, and all the rest are already orbital debris.
Experts believe that a little more and it will be impossible to put another satellite into orbit, because even a small bolt weighing only 10 grams in a collision at a speed of 10 km / s gives the effect of an anti-tank shell bursting.
Two large tracking systems in Russia and the USA are monitoring space debris.
The altitude of 400 km, that is, the orbit of the ISS, is under special control.
According to scientists, now is the time to design cleaning devices that could clear the outer space around the Earth.